Agroforestry as a Sustainable Solution for Mitigating Climate Change Impacts and Addressing Water Scarcity in Tunisia: A Review

Authors

  • Marwa Zouari INRGREF
  • Mohamed Hachicha

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.56027/JOASD.182024

Keywords:

Agroforestry, climate change, water scarcity, treated wastewater, sustainable land management, ecological benefits

Abstract

Agroforestry, as a sustainable land management practice, has garnered attention worldwide for its potential to mitigate climate change impacts and address water scarcity issues. In Tunisia, where climate change-induced stresses are increasingly affecting agriculture and water resources, agroforestry presents a promising solution. This review paper examines the importance of agroforestry in Tunisia within the context of climate change, water shortage, and treated wastewater utilization. By analyzing existing literature and case studies, the paper elucidates the ecological, economic, and social benefits of agroforestry practices in Tunisia. Additionally, it discusses the role of agroforestry in enhancing resilience to climate change, conserving water resources, and utilizing treated wastewater sustainably. Furthermore, the paper evaluates policy support and identifies challenges hindering the widespread adoption of agroforestry in Tunisia. Overall, this review underscores the significance of agroforestry as a multifaceted approach to sustainable land management in Tunisia, offering recommendations for policymakers, practitioners, and researchers to promote its implementation and integration into national strategies.

References

Ali, A.H., Kineber, A.F., Qaralleh, T.J.O., Alaboud, N. S., Daoud, A.O. (2023). Classifying and evaluating enablers influencing modular construction utilization in the construction sector: A fuzzy synthetic evaluation. Alexandria Engineering Journal 78, 45-55.

Alkemade, R., van Bussel, L. G., Rodríguez, S.L., Schipper, A.M. (2022). Global biodiversity assessments need to consider mixed multifunctional land-use systems. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 56, 101174.

Allam, M., Radicetti, E., Ben Hassine, M., Jamal, A., Abideen, Z., Mancinelli, R. (2023). A meta-analysis approach to estimate the effect of cover crops on the grain yield of succeeding cereal crops within European cropping systems. Agriculture 13(9), 1714.

Almeida, L.M.D., de Almeida, M.Z.P., Mendonça, C. L.D., & Mamizuka, E.M. (2013). Comparative analysis of agr groups and virulence genes among subclinical and clinical mastitis Staphylococcus aureus isolates from sheep flocks of the Northeast of Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology 44, 493-498.

Averett, J.P., Endress, B.A., Rowland, M.M., Naylor, B.J., Wisdom, M.J. (2017). Wild ungulate herbivory suppresses deciduous woody plant establishment following salmonid stream restoration. Forest Ecology and Management 391, 135-144.

Azouzi, S. (2021). Design & Permaculture. Shifting Paradigms to Build Food Sovereignty in Tunisia. In Design as Common Good Framing Design through Pluralism and Social Values, pp. 76-87.

Bestman, M., Hermansen, A.J., Burgess, P. (2015). System Report: Agroforestry for Organic Egg Production in the Netherlands.

Bosshardt, S., Sabatier, R., Dufils, A., Navarrete, M. (2022). Changing perspectives on chicken-pastured orchards for action: A review based on a heuristic model. Agricultural Systems 196, 103335.

Cariñanos, P., Marinangeli, F. (2021). An updated proposal of the Potential Allergenicity of 150 ornamental Trees and shrubs in Mediterranean Cities. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 63, 127218.

Daly-Hassen, H., Annabi, M., King-Okumu, C. (2019). Social and private profitability of tree-based adaptation options to climate change in a dryland area of Tunisia. New Medit 18(2), 89-104.

Davis, H., Rice, R., Rockwood, L., Wood, T., Marra, P. (2019). The economic potential of fruit trees as shade in blue mountain coffee agroecosystems of the Yallahs River watershed, Jamaica WI. Agroforestry Systems 93, 581-589.

Diatta, A. A., Fike, J. H., Battaglia, M. L., Galbraith, J. M., Baig, M. B. (2020). Effects of biochar on soil fertility and crop productivity in arid regions: a review. Arabian Journal of Geosciences 13, 1-17.

Dondina, O., Saura, S., Bani, L., Mateo-Sánchez, M. C. (2018). Enhancing connectivity in agroecosystems: focus on the best existing corridors or on new pathways?. Landscape ecology 33, 1741-1756.

Ebel, R., Pozas Cárdenas, J.G., Soria Miranda, F., Cruz González, J. (2017). Organic milpa: yields of maize, beans, and squash in mono-and polycropping systems.

Franzel, S., Ayuk, E., Cunningham, A. B., Duguma, B., Asanga, C. (2014). Bark for sale: The adoption potential of Prunus africana as an agroforestry tree for small-scale farmers in Cameroon. Advances in Economic Botany 17, 189-208.

Gilbert, M., Nicolas, G., Cinardi, G., Van Boeckel, T. P., Vanwambeke, S. O., Wint, G. R., Robinson, T.P. (2018). Global distribution data for cattle, buffaloes, horses, sheep, goats, pigs, chickens and ducks in 2010. Scientific data 5(1), 1-11.

Gold, M.A., Garrett, H.E. (2009). Agroforestry nomenclature, concepts, and practices. North American agroforestry: an integrated science and practice 45-56.

González-Martín, M., Corbera, J.A., Suárez-Bonnet, A., Tejedor-Junco, M.T. (2020). Virulence factors in coagulase-positive staphylococci of veterinary interest other than Staphylococcus aureus. Veterinary Quarterly 40(1), 118-131.

Gupta, R., Yan, K., Singh, T., Mo, D. (2020). Domestic and international drivers of the demand for water resources in the context of water scarcity: A cross-country study. Journal of risk and financial management 13(11), 255.

Haj-Amor, Z., Acharjee, T.K. (2021). Effect of irrigation efficiency enhancement on water demand of date palms in a Tunisian oasis under climate change. Journal of Water and Climate Change 12(5), 1437-1453.

Haj-Amor, Z., Araya, T., Bouri, S. (2024). Agroforestry as a tool for climate change mitigation and agriculture sustainability: Experiences from Africa. In Agroforestry for Carbon and Ecosystem Management Academic Press 245-256.

Huang, L., Yang, L., Tuyến, N.T., Colmekcioglu, N., Liu, J. (2022). Factors influencing the livelihood strategy choices of rural households in tourist destinations. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 30(4), 875-896.

Jahan, H., Rahman, M. W., Islam, M. S., Rezwan-Al-Ramim, A., Tuhin, M. M. U. J., Hossain, M. E. (2022). Adoption of agroforestry practices in Bangladesh as a climate change mitigation option: Investment, drivers, and SWOT analysis perspectives. Environmental Challenges 7, 100509.

Jeder, H., Abdelhamid, A., Ahmed, S. (2021). Smallholder farmers’ perceptions and adaptation strategies to mitigate the effect of climate change in the oases of South-Eastern Tunisia. New Medit: Mediterranean Journal of Economics, Agriculture and Environment 20(5).

Jhariya, M.K., Banerjee, A., Yadav, D.K., Raj, A. (2019). Agroforestry and climate change: issues, challenges, and the way forward. In Agroforestry and Climate Change. Apple Academic Press 1-34.

Jose, S., Dollinger, J. (2019). Silvopasture: a sustainable livestock production system. Agroforestry Systems 93, 1-9.

Kim, J.J., Atique, U., An, K G. (2019). Long-term ecological health assessment of a restored urban stream based on chemical water quality, physical habitat conditions and biological integrity. Water, 11(1), 114.

Ko, J., Piccinni, G. (2009). Corn yield responses under crop evapotranspiration-based irrigation management. Agricultural water management 96(5), 799-808.

Krigas, N., Tsiafouli, M. A., Katsoulis, G., Votsi, N. E., van Kleunen, M. (2021). Investigating the invasion pattern of the alien plant Solanum elaeagnifolium Cav. (silverleaf nightshade): Environmental and human-induced drivers. Plants 10(4), 805.

Levasseur-Garcia, C. (2018). Updated overview of infrared spectroscopy methods for detecting mycotoxins on cereals (corn, wheat, and barley). Toxins 10(1), 38.

Li, D., Xu, D., Wang, Z., Ding, X., Song, A. (2018). Ecological compensation for desertification control: A review. Journal of Geographical Sciences 28, 367-384.

Liu, Y. F., Liu, Y., Shi, Z. H., López-Vicente, M., Wu, G. L. (2020). Effectiveness of re-vegetated forest and grassland on soil erosion control in the semi-arid Loess Plateau. Catena 195, 104787.

Luberto, J., Martin, E.C., McGill, P., Leauthaud, A., Skemer, A. J., Lu, J. R. (2022). A Search for Predicted Astrometric Microlensing Events by Nearby Brown Dwarfs. The Astronomical Journal 164(6), 253.

Mathewos, M., Hundera, K., Biber-Freudenberger, L. (2018). Planting fruits and vegetables in homegarden as a way to improve livelihoods and conserve plant biodiversity. Agriculture 8(12), 190.

Montagnini, F., Nair, P.R. (2004). Carbon sequestration: an underexploited environmental benefit of agroforestry systems. In New Vistas in Agroforestry: A Compendium for 1st World Congress of Agroforestry, 281-295.

Montagnini, F., Nair, P.R. (2004). Carbon sequestration: an underexploited environmental benefit of agroforestry systems. In New Vistas in Agroforestry: A Compendium for 1st World Congress of Agroforestry, Springer Netherlands 281-295.

Murgueitio, E., Calle, Z., Uribe, F., Calle, A., Solorio, B. (2011). Native trees and shrubs for the productive rehabilitation of tropical cattle ranching lands. Forest Ecology and Management 261(10), 1654-1663.

Nair, P.R., Nair, V.D., Kumar, B. M., Haile, S.G. (2009). Soil carbon sequestration in tropical agroforestry systems: a feasibility appraisal. Environmental Science & Policy 12(8), 1099-1111.

Nair, P.R., Tonucci, R.G., Garcia, R., Nair, V. D. (2011). Silvopasture and carbon sequestraton with special reference to the Brazilian savanna (Cerrado). Carbon sequestration potential of agroforestry systems: opportunities and challenges 145-162.

Nyong, A.P., Ngankam, T.M., Felicite, T.L. (2020). Enhancement of resilience to climate variability and change through agroforestry practices in smallholder farming systems in Cameroon. Agroforestry Systems 94, 687-705.

Plieninger, T., Muñoz-Rojas, J., Buck, L. E., Scherr, S. J. (2020). Agroforestry for sustainable landscape management. Sustainability Science 15(5), 1255-1266.

Price, S. J., Ariel, E., Maclaine, A., Rosa, G. M., Gray, M. J., Brunner, J. L., Garner, T. W. (2017). From fish to frogs and beyond: Impact and host range of emergent ranaviruses. Virology 511, 272-279.

Sadok, W., Lopez, J. R., Smith, K.P. (2021). Transpiration increases under high‐temperature stress: Potential mechanisms, trade‐offs and prospects for crop resilience in a warming world. Plant, Cell & Environment, 44(7), 2102-2116.

Santoro, A., Venturi, M., Ben Maachia, S., Benyahia, F., Corrieri, F., Piras, F., Agnoletti, M. (2020). Agroforestry heritage systems as agrobiodiversity hotspots. The case of the mountain oases of Tunisia. Sustainability 12(10), 4054.

Sikiru, A. B., Velayyudhan, S. M., Nair, M. R. R., Veerasamy, S., Makinde, J.O. (2023). Sustaining livestock production under the changing climate: Africa scenario for Nigeria resilience and adaptation actions. In Climate change impacts on Nigeria: Environment and sustainable development, Cham: Springer International Publishing 233-259.

Simbaya, J., Chibinga, O., Salem, A.Z. (2020). Nutritional evaluation of selected fodder trees: Mulberry (Molus alba Lam.), Leucaena (Leucaena luecocephala Lam de Wit.) and Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.) as dry season protein supplements for grazing animals. Agroforestry Systems 94, 1189-1197.

Simelton, E.S., Catacutan, D. C., Dao, T C., Dam, B. V., Le, T.D. (2017). Factors constraining and enabling agroforestry adoption in Viet Nam: a multi-level policy analysis. Agroforestry systems 91, 51-67.

Tsonkova, P., Mirck, J., Böhm, C., Fütz, B. (2018). Addressing farmer-perceptions and legal constraints to promote agroforestry in Germany. Agroforestry Systems 92, 1091-1103.

Waldron, A., Justicia, R., Smith, L., Sanchez, M. (2012). Conservation through Chocolate: a win‐win for biodiversity and farmers in Ecuador's lowland tropics. Conservation Letters 5(3), 213-221.

Zouari, M., Bloem, E., Souguir, D., Schnug, E., Hanchi, B., & Hachicha, M. (2020). Evaluation of selected plant species under drained saline and waterlogged conditions in pots when irrigated with treated wastewater. Water and Environment Journal, 34, 551-560.

Zouari, M., Souguir, D., Bloem, E., Schnug, E., Hanchi, B., & Hachicha, M. (2019). Saline soil reclamation by agroforestry species under Kalaât Landelous conditions and irrigation with treated wastewater in Tunisia. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 26, 28829-28841.

Downloads

Published

2024-06-08

How to Cite

Zouari, M., & Hachicha, M. (2024). Agroforestry as a Sustainable Solution for Mitigating Climate Change Impacts and Addressing Water Scarcity in Tunisia: A Review. JOURNAL OF OASIS AGRICULTURE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, 6(02), 22–30. https://doi.org/10.56027/JOASD.182024

Issue

Section

Articles

Plum Analytics

 Artifact Widget